Lupus Symptoms

Lupus Hand Pain

The Lupus Site states that joint and muscle pain is one of the most common symptoms of the disease. This may be what is causing your lupus hand pain. In lupus the joints become inflamed. The ligaments and tendons around the joints may also become tender and inflamed.  If the inflammation is not brought under control these tendons and ligaments can begin to weaken and no longer support the joint properly. If this happens the joint becomes lax and unstable; they also can become deformed. Joints in the hands are the most commonly affected by these types of deformities. Early on these deformities can be painlessly corrected. So, if you are experiencing lupus hand pain it is best to see your doctor as soon as possible.

Lupus hand pain due to the inflammation of the joints is usually treated with painkillers. Anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen may also be administered. In more serious scenarios steroids may be used. When …

Lupus & Knees

There are a lot of problems which can come about involving lupus and knees. According to, more than 90 percent of people with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) will experience joint or muscle pain at some time during the course of their illness. In fact this is one of the major complaints SLE patients have when they first discover that they have the disease. For the most part pain in lupus knees is caused by inflammation, which is one of the most common symptoms of the disease. However this pain can also be due to other medical disorders that co-exist with or are a complication of SLE. The pain in lupus knees may also be caused by:

Fibromyalgia – This is a chronic disorder which is often found to co-exist with many medical conditions such as lupus. The cause is unknown. It is characterized by fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, and cognitive abnormalities. It can be easily overlooked in lupus because …

Lupus Nephritis Prognosis

Lupus nephritis is a kidney disorder that sometimes comes about from having lupus. A lupus nephritis prognosis depends on the specific form of kidney damage that you have. A lupus nephritis prognosis is also affected by other factors such as complications that arise from treatment and those which come about from lupus itself. Studies have shown that early-onset of lupus nephritis increases the risk of death from ischemic heart disease. The condition also increases the risk of coronary artery disease.

According to, the survival rates of people with lupus nephritis have improved over the past 4 decades. In the 1950’s the lupus nephritis prognosis for a patient’s survival was around 5 years. The lupus nephritis prognosis has changed thanks to the addition of immunosuppressive agents in treatment. Now, 5- and 10-year survival rates have been documented to be as high as 85% and 73%.

Another factor which affects a person’s lupus nephritis prognosis is that the drugs which are …

Lupus (SLE) Sickness

Lupus, otherwise known as systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE), is a disease of the immune system. The lack of proper immunity causes lupus (SLE) sickness to be a cause for concern. Therefore, the Lupus Foundation of America provides the following list to help avoid lupus (SLE) sickness:

  • Avoid anyone who has symptoms of fever, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. This includes family members. Particularly avoid close, personal contact, such as hugging, kissing, or shaking hands with someone who has been sick.
  • Wash your hands, thoroughly and completely, with hot soapy water for at least 15 seconds.
  • Remember that some surfaces, like bathroom surfaces, office equipment, and store countertops, can retain the H1N1 virus. So, keep alcohol-based gels or wipes at hand, whether you are at work, at home, or out in public.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth. This is how germs spread.
  • Use the crook of your arm to shield coughs and sneezes instead of handkerchiefs or your hands. They

Lupus (SLE) Symptoms Checklist

If you fear that you may have lupus, or you feel you may be at risk, hosts an interactive lupus (SLE) symptoms checklist that can give you the answers that you need. This interactive lupus (SLE) symptoms checklist is very easy to use. It asks you about the various symptoms which you may be experiencing as well as about the risk factors you may have. If you have more than one of the symptoms, you can even print out a report of your results to show to your doctor. Other websites that host a lupus (SLE) symptoms checklist are:



Basic Lupus (SLE) Symptoms Checklist


Lupus, otherwise known as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is a very serious autoimmune disease. It leads to inflammation, pain, and damage to various parts of the body. Over 1.5 million people in Americans have lupus, and it affects women more than men. Early detection is vital as the longer you …

Lupus Tremor reports a case of a woman in whom a tremor appeared 10 years prior to her diagnosis of Lupus. This lupus tremor remained the only neurological sign throughout her disease. The lupus tremor was said to have disappeared after corticosteroid therapy.

According to Dr. Robin Brey, who provides medical advice for the Lupus Foundation of America, lupus can lead to vertigo and mild tremors, but these symptoms are not very commonly due to lupus. A lupus tremor may also be a side effect of the medication that a person is taking for lupus. In any case it is best to discuss the manifestation of any lupus tremor with your doctor, as it could be a sign of lupus affecting the nervous system.


Neurological Problems in Lupus


Neurological problems are one of the manifestations that may come about from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). These complications are serious, but treatable, according to There are a wide variety of neurological …

Lupus Scalp Sores

Chronic cutaneous lupus, or discoid lupus, is the type of lupus in which you may find lupus scalp sores. Discoid lupus is characterized by disk-shaped, round lesions which usually form on the face or scalp, but may also occur on other parts of the body as well. According to, about 10% of people with discoid lupus will develop systemic lupus. In this case, however, it is most likely that the person already had the systemic form of the disease, the lupus scalp sores or other lesions were just the first symptom that appeared.

Lupus scalp sores and other lesions are described as red, scaly, and thick. They usually don’t hurt or itch, but can cause scarring and discoloration in the skin. A lupus scalp sore can cause hair to fall out. This can be permanent if the lesions form scars. Disk-shaped scars can also appear because of cancer as well. In either case, it is best to contact …

Lupus Neck Pain

Lupus neck pain is usually caused by the muscles becoming inflamed. It may also be caused by fibromyalgia, as this condition is commonly associated with lupus. In fact, fibromyalgia affects about 30% of patients with lupus.

Lupus neck pain may also be due to cortisone medications. These can weaken the bones of the spine, leading to fractures in the vertebrae. According to, a rare complication called transverse myelitis may also be associated with lupus neck pain as well as back pain. Transverse myelitis is caused by inflammation along the spinal cord.


Lupus and Neck Pain Treatment


There are a variety of medications available for the treatment of lupus neck pain or back pain. However, if you can avoid using pain medicines than you should, as many are addictive, carry heavy risks, and may have potential side effects. Some ways to stop lupus neck pain without using medication are:

Heat and/or cold treatments: These treatments can be very helpful …

Lupus & Bacteria

Chronic exposure to staph bacteria could be a risk factor for lupus, according to a recent article from This discovery about lupus and bacteria occurred in a Mayo Clinic study where mice were exposed to low doses of a protein found in staph. The mice developed a lupus like disease, with kidney disease and autoantibodies like those found in lupus patients, according to a website.

These lupus bacteria findings were published in The Journal of Immunology. The next step, the article states, is to find out if this staph protein plays a similar role in humans. Another important question is whether or not eradicating staph in people who are at risk for lupus can help prevent it from forming. Former research has shown that staph bacteria have also been linked to other autoimmune disease such as Kawasaki disease and psoriasis.


Lupus Bacteria Susceptibility


People that have lupus are more susceptible to bacteria because of the medications that …

Lupus & Connective Tissue Disease

What is the link between lupus and connective tissue disease? The answer is that lupus is a connected tissue disease. “Connective tissue is any type of biological tissue with an extensive extracellular matrix that supports, binds together, and protects organs” according to In other words it is any disease that affects the human connective tissue. Most connective tissue diseases feature abnormal immune system activity with inflammation of the tissues that result from an autoimmunity (autoimmunity is when one’s immune system attacks its own cells). Lupus is an autoimmune disease such as this.

Aside from lupus connective tissue disease, there are a number of similar connective tissue diseases. These include other autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, and Sjogren’s syndrome. There are also heritable connective tissue disorders such as Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danolos syndrome, Osteogenesis imperfect, and Stickler syndrome. Scurvy is also considered a connective tissue disorder. According to the National Institutes of Health, there are over 200 disorders …

Lupus Episodes

Lupus episodes are usually referred to as flares. This is when signs and symptoms of the disease get worse. They will usually improve after a while or even disappear completely for a time. According to the Mayo Clinic, the most common symptoms which appear in lupus episodes are:

  • Fatigue and fever
  • Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling
  • A butterfly-shaped rash which appears on the face and covers the cheeks and the bridge of the nose
  • Skin lesions that appear or worsen with sun exposure
  • Fingers and toes that turn white or blue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Dry eyes
  • Headaches, confusion, memory loss


A person with lupus does not have to visit their doctor every time they experience lupus episodes. They should, however, see their doctor when they experience an unexplained rash, an ongoing fever, and persistent aching or fatigue. Depending on what symptoms arise, the doctor could treat your lupus with a number of medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory …

Lupus Knee Pain

It is difficult sometimes to go about your daily life with the pain lupus can cause. Lupus knee pain is one of the most common pains that patients undergo. There are several reasons why lupus knee pain occurs. According to, some of the most common reasons for pain in lupus include:

Inflammation – Inflammation is one of the most common reasons for pain in lupus, especially lupus knee pain.

Arthritis – In lupus arthritis, stiffness and pain will be present in the morning and will improve later in the day.

Lupus myositis – This is a condition in which skeletal muscles become inflamed.

Bursitis and tendonitis – Tendons are strong ropelike structures that attach muscles to bones. A bursa is a small sac containing fluid which is found near a joint and helps with muscles, bones, and joints to move. Tendonitis is inflammation to the tendons and bursitis is irritation of a bursa of the bursas.

Osteoporosis – osteoporosis …

Lupus Muscle Aches

Many people are afflicted with lupus muscle aches. In fact, according to the SLE Lupus Foundation, two out of three people with lupus complain at some point about muscle aches. Many of these lupus muscle aches occur between the elbow and the neck or between the knee and the hip. Lupus muscle aches can be intense and the muscle can get inflamed. Muscles also commonly become weakened in lupus as a result of inflammation, fatigue, or the drugs being administered for the treatment of the disease.

Lupus muscle aches may also be a sign o fibromyalgia. In fibromyalgia, muscle pain is often chronic and severe. About 30% of people with lupus are affected by fibromyalgia. When a person has fibromyalgia, the pain is usually widespread. There have been 18 “tender points” where extreme pain is said to exist in fibromyalgia. These pains will usually occur on both sides of the body, affecting mostly the neck, shoulders, chest, hips, knees, …

Lupus Muscle Spasms

Muscle spasms are involuntary contractions of one or more muscles, according to Since lupus is a systemic disease, there are a number of possible causes for lupus muscle spasms. Muscle spasms may be brought about by:

  • Poor blood circulation
  • Overexertion of the calf muscles while exercising
  • Insufficient stretching before exercise
  • Muscle fatigue
  • Dehydration
  • Magnesium and/or potassium deficiency
  • Calcium deficiency in pregnant women
  • Malfunctioning nerves


Since there are a number of different types of medications used to treat lupus and its accompanying complications, it may be medications which are causing your lupus muscle spasms. Medications that are known to lead to muscle cramps include:

  • Lasix (furosemide), Microzide (hydrochlorothiazide), and other diuretics which are used to remove fluid from the body
  • Aricept (donepezil), which is used in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease
  • Prostigmine (neostigmine), which is used for myasthenia gravis
  • Procardia (nifedipine) which is used to treat angina and high blood pressure
  • Evista (raloxifene) which is used to treat

Lupus Pain Relief

Most people with lupus have to deal with pain fairly often. In fact, 90% of people with lupus experience some joint or muscle pain. Lupus pain relief, therefore, is an important subject. Lupus is a systemic disease, which means that any part of the body could potentially be affected. So, when seeking lupus pain relief from your doctor, he will have to narrow down the specific cause of your pain.

In most cases, lupus will cause inflammation that brings about pain in the muscles and joints. These are usually treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These include medications such as aspirin, naproxen, and ibuprofen. Corticosteroids, such as Prednisone or Sterapred, are often used to provide lupus pain relief due to arthritis. They are also considered to be the best drugs for providing lupus pain relief for muscle inflammation, according to


Lupus Pain Management


Rather than constantly taking drugs and taking the risk of being affected by …

Lupus Reflux

People commonly question why lupus and reflux occur together. Lupus is a disease which can affect any part of the body. Lupus reflux usually occurs when lupus affects the gastrointestinal (GI) system. According to, when a person experiences inflammation in the esophagus, stomach acid can move up into your throat. Reflux that keeps occurring is known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

One study that can be found at states that heartburn has been reported in nearly 50% of lupus patents. This means that lupus reflux is a significant issue. These symptoms, the study states, may also be related to the medical therapies the person is receiving. One of the major problems with lupus reflux is that over time it can lead to further inflammation and a condition called Esophagitis. Esophagitis is when the inflammation in a person’s esophagus becomes so bad that it damages the tissues located there. This condition causes a painful throat, difficulty swallowing, and chest …

Lupus Foot and Leg Pain

Lupus foot and leg pain can be directly caused by the disease or caused by one of the complications brought about by the disease. Lupus is an autoimmune disease which means that the antibodies of the immune system mistakenly attack bodily tissue. It is also a systemic disease, so any portion of the body can be attacked. Lupus foot and leg pain are both symptoms of the disease. Inflammation of the muscles and joints bring about this pain in most people with lupus. There are, however, other reasons why foot and leg pain occur in lupus.

Many people with lupus develop arthritis, which causes pain, tenderness, stiffness, and warmth in the joints. This is often a cause of lupus foot and leg pain. When a person has arthritis it normally affects the joints on both sides of the body. Another reason for lupus foot and leg pain may be fibromyalgia, which affects about 25% of lupus patients, according to …

Lupus Hip Pain

It is not unusual for people with lupus to experience hip pain. Lupus hip pain is normally caused by inflammation. Inflammation is the most common cause of pain in lupus. However, symptoms such as lupus hip pain can be caused by a number of different factors.

Lupus arthritis is another typical cause for lupus hip pain. This causes pain, stiffness, swelling, and tenderness in your joints. If this is the cause, the stiffness will likely be worse when you wake up in the morning and improve during the day. Lupus arthritis is far less debilitating than rheumatoid arthritis. Fewer than 10% of lupus arthritis will develop any deformities, according to The Lupus Foundation of America.

Sometimes people with lupus develop myositis, which is inflammation of the skeletal muscles. This type of inflammation can cause muscle weakness and loss of strength, which can make it difficult to move. Other likely causes are tendonitis and bursitis. Tendonitis is when tendons become irritated …

Lupus Muscle Pain

Lupus muscle pain is commonly referred to as myalgia. More than 90% of people who have lupus experience joint and/or muscle pain at some point in time during their illness. Most of the time lupus muscle pain is due to inflammation. Any time there is major inflammation in the body, muscle pains will be present and may also be accompanied by symptoms such as fevers, sweats, chills, fatigue, and weight loss.

Inflammation such as this may also occur in the skeletal muscles. This condition is called lupus myositis. This form of lupus muscle pain mainly affects the muscles in your neck, shoulders, upper arms, thighs, and pelvis, according to the Lupus Foundation of America. Lupus myositis may also cause muscle weakness and loss of strength, making it difficult to climb stairs, get up from a chair, or even lift objects from a shelf. A physical therapist may be able to help you regain your normal muscle strength in this situation.…

Lupus Sedimentation Rate

What is a lupus sedimentation rate? A lupus sedimentation rate, also referred to as a sed rate or an ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate), is a measurement of the amount of red blood cells that settle on the bottom of a test tube. The lupus sedimentation rate shows if there is any inflammation. This works because when inflammation is present in the body the blood cells stick together and fall more quickly to the bottom of the tube, according to

This test is used alongside other tests to diagnose lupus. It may also be used later on to monitor disease activity. When a lupus sedimentation test is performed, a man should have a sed rate of 20 or less, and a woman should have a sed rate of less than 30. If the sed rate is negative it indicates that there is no inflammation present. On the other hand, a positive lupus sedimentation rate indicates that inflammation is present …

Lupus (SLE) Sunlight

In lupus (SLE), sunlight can cause rashes to appear on sensitive skin. One such rash is called a butterfly rash because it appears in the shape of a butterfly and forms across the bridge of the nose and over the cheeks. Another type of rash is the discoid rash, which is a disk-shaped rash that most often appears in sun-exposed areas of the skin. Rashes which form because of lupus (SLE) sunlight exposure occur in 50-75% of the people who have the disease, according to

Aside from lupus (SLE) sunlight exposure leading to rashes, sunlight exposure can also trigger other symptoms in the disease such as joint pain and fatigue. These periods of the disease are called flares. Although, it is not clear what causes lupus, some experts feel that sunlight may be one of the main environmental causes of the disease.


Lupus (SLE) Sunlight Sensitivity


Why does lupus (SLE) sunlight exposure bring about symptoms? Lupus is …

What is Borderline Lupus

What is borderline lupus? Lupus is a disease in which the symptoms can be unclear or change over time. They may also come and go. In addition, the symptoms of the disease can mimic those of other diseases. Therefore, a lupus diagnosis is difficult to make.

Currently there is no single laboratory test that can determine whether a person has lupus. According to, physicians use a list of 11 criteria to diagnose the disease. One of the tests that are used to diagnose lupus is an ANA test, or antinuclear antibody test. If the test comes back positive, then the person is considered to be positive for borderline lupus. However, all of the 11 criteria must be met before a person can be diagnosed with lupus.

The question “What is borderline lupus?” has been asked often as of late because of Lady Gaga’s admission that she is lupus borderline. The singer stated that she is borderline positive for …

Lupus and Dizziness

Dizziness is not considered one of the main symptoms of lupus, but it does commonly occur. Therefore, if you know that you are at a high risk of developing lupus and dizziness is experienced often, you may want to visit your doctor so that you can be tested. Common risk factors for lupus include:

Gender: Lupus is more common among females.

Age: You can develop lupus at any age, but most people are diagnosed between the ages of 15 and 40.

Race: Lupus is most common among African Americans, Hispanics, and Asians.

Family History: Your odds are dramatically increased if you have a family member with the disease.

Pregnancy: Lupus symptoms tend to show up for the first time during or after a pregnancy.

There is no one test which determines whether a person has lupus, and the symptoms can mimic those of other conditions. So, it is not likely that lupus will be the first condition that you are …

Lupus and Tingling

If you have lupus and tingling is experienced, you may have developed a nervous system problem as a result of the disease. Lupus is an autoimmune disease that can affect almost any part of your body, including your nervous system. According to, there are three parts of your nervous system. They are:

  1. Central Nervous System – consists of the brain and spinal cord.
  2. Peripheral nervous system – consists of the network of nerves which connect the brain and the spinal cord to the rest of the body. This is the part of your nervous system which allows for sensation and movement.
  3. Autonomic nervous system – consists of the nerves which allow communication between the spinal and peripheral nerves, the brain, and internal organs. These nerves control functions such a breathing, blood flow, and heart rate.


Lupus and tingling symptoms are likely due to damage to the peripheral nervous system. Numbness and/or the inability to move part of your …

Lupus Breathing Problems

Difficulty breathing can sometimes be an early symptom of lupus. According to, lupus breathing problems can vary from chest pain, wheezing, and/or shortness of breath. Sometimes symptoms worsen when you attempt to inhale.

Lupus is a systemic disease, which means that it can affect almost every part of the body and can bring about a number of different conditions. states “The lungs are frequently involved and can be the initial presenting complaint or occur late in the course of established disease. The seriousness of lung involvement varies from that which produces no symptoms and has no consequence to potentially very serious changes.”


Causes of Lupus Breathing Problems


The website,, goes on to state that lupus breathing problems, or problems which affect the lungs, have been reported in half of all lupus patients. Bleeding, inflammation, congestion are typically the reasons for lupus breathing problems. Damage to the blood vessels and thickening of the lung wall are …

Lupus (SLE) Connective Tissue Disease

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is sometimes a connective tissue disease, or a disease which targets the connective tissues of the body. Lupus (SLE) connective tissue disease is an inflammation of the connective tissues. This inflammation is due to autoimmunity. Autoimmunity is where the body’s immune system fails to recognize and attacks its own tissue.

Many connective tissue diseases, such as lupus (SLE) connective tissue disease, are due to autoimmunity. Other autoimmune conditions which are sometimes considered connective tissue diseases are:

Rheumatoid arthritis – This is a disorder in which the immune cells attack the membranes around the joints, causing them to become inflamed.

Scleroderma – This condition is characterized by immune cells attacking bodily tissue and causing scar tissue in the skin, internal organs, and small blood vessels.

Sjogren’s syndrome – This condition, which often occurs with autoimmune diseases, is the inability to secrete saliva and tears.

Mixed connective tissue disease – When a condition such as lupus (SLE) connective …

Lupus Episode

A lupus episode is generally referred to as a flare. A flare can be any number of things which signals that the disease is active in the body. According to the Lupus Foundation of America, the signs and symptoms that a lupus episode is occurring are as follows:

  • Persistent fatigue
  • Persistent weakness
  • Aching all over
  • Fever, which may be slight to high
  • Persistent loss of appetite
  • Involuntary weight loss
  • Increasing hair loss
  • Recurring nose bleeds
  • Sore on the roof of the mouth, which burns with spicy foods
  • Unexplained skin rash anywhere on the body
  • Hives
  • Sores on the skin
  • Painful joint(s)
  • Swollen joint(s)
  • Stiffness of the joints when waking up in the morning
  • Chest pain which increases with breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing up blood
  • Persistent unusual headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Recurring or persistent abdominal pain
  • Persistent, increasing swelling of the feet and legs
  • Puffy eyelids
  • Blood in the urine


If you notice any of the warning signs of …

Lupus Temperature

A high temperature is often a sign of inflammation. To a person who has lupus this is very vital knowledge. A high lupus temperature is often a signal that the disease is active and treatment will soon be needed. A high lupus temperature can also be a sign of infection which will soon trigger a lupus flare.

A person with lupus generally runs temperatures one or two degrees higher than the “normal” 98.6 degrees F. If you are running a high lupus temperature, you should be sure to drink fluid regularly to avoid dehydration., recommends that you call your doctor if you have a higher-than-normal temperature in order to avoid infections and lupus flares. Other ways to avoid complications in lupus are as follows:

  • Take your temperature at least once a day
  • Take your temperature if you do not feel well
  • Take your temperature if you feel chilled
  • Practice good hygiene
  • Avoid large crowds
  • Avoid people who are sick

Lyme Disease and Lupus

Lyme disease and lupus share a number of symptoms. These include symptoms such as rashes, joint pain, fever, headaches, and fatigue. However, the two conditions are very different. Systemic lupus erythematosus, or lupus, is an autoimmune disease which can affect almost any part of the body. Lyme disease, on the other hand, is a bacterial infection that is contracted from a disease-carrying tick. Both of these conditions have been dubbed “the great imitator” at one point or another because the symptoms closely resemble those of other conditions. The treatment of both conditions is very crucial and differs immensely. So, it is critical to be able to determine whether the symptoms are caused by lupus and Lyme disease.

One of the major similarities between Lyme disease and lupus is joint pain. With careful attention it is not hard to differentiate between the two. In both lupus and Lyme disease, the person affected will have joints that are painful and swollen. According

Lupus (SLE) Markers

Lupus is one of the hardest diseases to diagnose. However, research has shown that there may be some genetic lupus (SLE) markers which will help doctors to better diagnose the disease. According to, researchers at Wake Forest University medical school have identified 40 biomarkers for lupus. These lupus (SLE) markers are microRNAs, or tiny chains of ribonucleic acid (RNA), which are located a cell’s command center.

In the study, researchers compared microRNAs of five lupus patients and seven people without lupus. In the lupus patients there were 40 microRNAs that were present at higher levels than in the patients without lupus. At this point there is not enough known to create a genetic blood test for lupus patients; however, with the continued study of these lupus (SLE) markers these tests may soon be possible.


Other Markers for Lupus


Other lupus (SLE) markers were discovered by Dr. John Harley and his colleagues at the Oklahoma Sciences Research Center and …

Vertigo and Lupus

Sometimes people with lupus will experience vertigo, but often this is not a symptom of the disease. The combination of vertigo and lupus is usually brought about by the medications which are needed to treat the disease. It may also be brought about by complications which occur because of the disease, such as nervous system involvement.

According to the American College of Rheumatology, there are 19 different ways that lupus can affect the nervous system. According to, some of the symptoms that indicate nervous system involvement are:

  • Headaches
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty Concentrating
  • Fatigue
  • Strokes
  • Seizures

Lupus can affect the nervous system in several different ways. The most direct way is that antibodies may actually attack nerve cells or blood vessels. Also, nerves require uninterrupted blood flow to provide nutrients and oxygen to the cells. So, if the blood flow is slowed or blocked in any way, nerve damage can result. Finally, nerve damage can occur anywhere that tissue is badly …

Lupus Abdominal Pain

Lupus is a systemic disease, which means it can affect nearly any part of the body. Lupus abdominal pain is usually due to the gastrointestinal (GI) system being affected by the disease. The GI system includes everything involving how you take in, process, and dispose of what you eat and drink, including your mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, colon, and urinary tract.

Lupus can affect your GI system directly, but the medications that you take can affect it as well. Many people with lupus experience digestive difficulties, such as diarrhea and constipation, which can lead to lupus abdominal pain. Most of the time the symptoms are caused by the drugs that are prescribed such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corti-costeroids. So, sometimes the treatment of abdominal pain and lupus can be as simple as changing up your prescriptions. However, sometimes dealing with lupus abdominal pain can be far more complex.

Peritonitis is a condition where the peritoneum is affected. This …

Lupus and Anxiety

There are a number of reasons why lupus and anxiety are often found together. Most of the time anxiety is not brought about by the disease directly, but as a result of a person having to deal with having the disease on a day to day basis. Since lupus and anxiety can lead to major problems in a person’s life, it is important that a person with lupus keep abreast of the best medications available to help them deal with symptoms such as pain and fatigue.

On the website it states that recent studies have shown that women with lupus are much more likely to develop anxiety disorders in comparison to healthy women. Women can especially begin to feel anxious or depressed if their looks are affected by rashes on their face or arms. recommends using special make-ups such as ‘Bare Minerals’ to help keep your spirits up when you have rashes or other skin problems due to …

Lupus and Numbness

When lupus and numbness are found together it is usually an indication that there is some nervous system involvement in the disease. According to, lupus is a disease which can affect almost any part of the body. This includes the nervous system and the brain. The nervous system consists of three parts:

The central nervous system (CNS) – this consists of the brain and spinal cord

The peripheral nervous system (PNS) – this is a network of nerves which connects the brain and the spinal cord to the rest of the body and allows for sensation and movement in the skin and muscles

The autonomic nervous system (ANS) – this allows communication to take place between the brain and internal organs (as well as the spinal and peripheral nerves) allowing functions such as breathing, blood flow, and heart rate.

Any of these three parts can be affected by lupus. Lupus and numbness being found together is most likely an …

Lupus Bruise

Lupus is a systemic disease which may affect any part of the body. Although easy bruising is not a symptom of lupus, a lupus bruise is a fairly typical part of the disease. Lupus is an inflammatory disease which can affect the clotting of the blood. It can also cause the inflammation of a blood vessel. Both can lead to easy bruising. However, easy bruising, frequent bruising, or bruising that doesn’t heal in a normal amount of time could be an indication of other serious health problems.

Thrombocytopenia is the term for having a low platelet count, and it is a condition commonly seen in many lupus patients. Bruising and tiny red bleeding points in the skin are typical signs of this condition. Nose bleeds or other types of bleeding may also occur, according to, the Lupus Foundation of America website. In lupus this condition is almost always due to antibodies. In some rare instances, a person with lupus …

Lupus and Heat

Lupus and heat do not make a good combination. Many things, such as extreme temperature, can trigger a lupus flare. Since lupus is a disease which can affect the heart or other vital organs, it is important to avoid anything that may make a flare up likely to occur.

According to the American Lupus Foundation, photosensitivity affects 70-90 percent of people with subacute cutaneous lupus (a type of lupus where lupus mainly affects the skin) and 50 to 75 percent of those with systemic lupus (the type which can affect almost every part of the body). For this reason suggests the following:

  • Avoid mid-day sun whenever possible.
  • Wear broad-brimmed hats and tightly-woven loose-fitting clothing with long sleeves or long pant legs when you have to be out in the sun.
  • Use sun screen and don’t forget to reapply after a period of time has passed.
  • Avoid other sources of UV light, such as indoor fluorescent lights.
  • Install light shields

Lupus (SLE) and Lymphoma

Studies have shown that lupus patients have an increased risk of developing both Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkins lymphoma. Lupus (SLE) and lymphoma are believed to be related because of the overstimulation of B-cells is coupled with the defects in the immune system in lupus patients. Some believe that the immunosuppressive medications taken in lupus also may increase this risk. Another reason for the connection between lupus and lymphoma may be that many people with lupus also have Sjogren’s syndrome, which seems to increase the risk.

Although there does seem to be a clear connection between lymphoma and lupus, don’t let this scare you. According to, the correlation between lupus and blood-related cancers is higher than that of the general population, but the incidence is still rare. Sasha R. Bernatsky, MD, PhD, of McGill University describes the problem stating “if you followed 2,000 lupus patients for a year, you might see one additional cancer”. She also states that the incidence may …

Lupus White Blood Cell Count

Why is a lupus white blood cell count important? One of the first lab tests that your doctor is likely to request when trying to diagnose lupus is the complete blood count. A white blood cell count is used to measure the number of white blood cells in a sample of blood. It can be used to diagnose a number of medical conditions or to detect existing inflammation or an infection. A low white blood cell count can be an indication of a number of conditions such as liver disease, bone marrow failure, and lupus.

Lupus is a systemic disease, which means that it can potentially damage any part of the body. So, even if you already know that you have lupus, the doctor will continue to test your lupus white blood cell count to ensure that no other problems are arising such as infection, tissue damage, or organ involvement. Since lupus patients take immunosuppressant drugs they are more prone …

Lupus and Bruising

There are a lot of questions surrounding the subject of lupus and bruising. Easy bruising is not one of the symptoms of the disease, but does occur commonly in lupus. There are a lot of reasons for lupus bruising. Some are simple and some are more complex.

Lupus is a systemic disease, which means it has the potential to affect nearly any part of the body. The simplest explanation for bruising in lupus is probably aging. As we age we tend to bruise easier due to aging capillaries and thinning skin. People with lupus have medical problems that occur in older people much earlier because of the wear on their body. Also, lupus patients tend to take medications, such as corticosteroids, which can cause skin to thin, and therefore easier to bruise. It is important not to stop taking your medication without talking to your doctor though.

Having lupus increases your chances of developing a number of different medical …

Lupus and Nausea

The presence of lupus and nausea could indicate a problem with the gastrointestinal (GI) system. The GI system includes everything in your body which processes what you eat and drink, such as your mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, urinary tract, and rectum. Not all of the lupus nausea symptoms that occur in patients are due to the disease. Some of them can be traced to medications which are often taken by lupus patients. However, lupus and nausea is most commonly due to digestive problems which come about because of internal inflammation. According to the Lupus Foundation of America, common digestive problems which occur in lupus include:

Ulcerative Colitis– Ulcerative colitis is a condition in which ulcers form in the lining of the rectum and colon. Bloody diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal pain are symptoms of this condition.

Peritonitis – The thin line inside your abdomen is called the peritoneum. When this lining becomes inflamed it is called peritonitis.

Ascites – Build up …

Lupus Bladder Problems

Sometimes lupus affects the bladder and related organs. Lupus bladder problems can complicate situations and affect one’s quality of life. Luckily, most lupus bladder problems can be easily tested for and treated, especially if found early on.

One of the lupus bladder problems which people often face is lupus cystitis. Lupus cystitis is inflammation of the lining in the bladder, according to This condition may cause frequent urination, abdominal discomfort, and weight loss. Lupus cystitis is often a reoccurring complication, especially for women. Most of the time cystitis is due to lupus disease activity. However, if the condition does not resolve quickly the complication may be caused by a primary hemorrhage or perforation within the intestinal walls.

If lupus cystitis is not discovered early on, it could lead to further complications and sometimes even have fatal outcomes. This condition is usually treated with immunosuppressants and corticosteroids. Sometimes treatment is needed to repair intestinal problems.


Lupus and Bladder Infections


Lupus Burning Sensation

There are many reasons why a person may experience a lupus burning sensation. Since lupus is a disease which can potentially affect any part of the body, there are many different complications which can arise from having the disease. The most common reasons for a lupus burning sensation to occur are nerve damage, vascular problems, and urinary tract infections.

When the nervous system is damaged in lupus a number of different complications can arise. The symptoms depend on where the damage has occurred and to what extent. Along with lupus burning sensations a person may experience loss of muscle control, loss of sensation. When nerves are damaged signals to become overactive, creating pain that is more intense than it should be. For example, a person might feel extreme pain when a sheet runs across their toes.

A person may also experience lupus burning sensations if they develop vasculitis. Vasculitis is inflammation of the blood vessels. It is very common …

Lupus Cramps

Muscle cramps are not a symptom of lupus. However, lupus cramps may be brought about by complications of the disease and/or medications taken for the disease. Vitamin deficiencies may also bring about lupus muscle cramps.

According to the Mayo Clinic, muscle cramps can be caused by narrowing of the arteries. One condition which is common in people with lupus is vasculitis. In this condition the blood vessels become inflamed, which causes the blood vessels to narrow. This could be one potential cause of lupus cramps.

Mineral depletion may also lead to lupus cramps. Levels of zinc, copper, magnesium, and iron may be low in people with lupus. Deficiencies of magnesium have been linked to muscle cramps. A calcium deficiency may also lead to problems with lupus and muscle cramps. This is a problem for people with lupus as they often are deficient in vitamin D, which helps the body to absorb calcium. Potassium levels may be low in a person …

Lupus (SLE) Seizure

The Lupus Foundation of America states that a lupus (SLE) seizure can occur if the central nervous system (CNS) is affected. In some cases the blood vessels which lead to the brain become inflamed. This is called central nervous system vasculitis. When scarred or injured brain tissue becomes the focus of abnormal electrical discharge, seizures may occur. Sometimes a lupus seizure will only occur once and sometimes these seizures are ongoing. Anti-convulsant medications may be prescribed to prevent or control this problem.

About 10 percent of all lupus patients are affected by CNS vasculitis, according to If this condition is not aggressively managed, it may rapidly progress into a coma. Hospitalization and corticosteroids may be needed to treat this condition. Blood tests may need to be performed before treatment can take place to rule out the possibility of infection.

When a person with lupus has a stroke or lupus vasculitis, and the lesions which form heal with scarring, sometimes …

Lupus and Swollen Lymph Nodes

Lupus and swollen lymph nodes are associated in several different ways. Lupus is a systemic disease, which means that it has the potential to affect almost any part of the body. Swollen lymph nodes are not uncommon in normal young adults, but according to Lupus Canada, if many suddenly appear this may be a sign of lupus, especially if they occur with other lupus symptoms.

Swollen lymph nodes usually occur as a result of an exposure to a virus or bacteria. People with lupus are more susceptible to infection than those of the general population. This is because lupus is a disease that directly affects the immune system. It is also because the drugs that are used to treat lupus are meant to suppress the immune system. Therefore, with greater risk of infection, there is a greater likelihood that the lymph nodes would swell up.

Lupus is also a disease which often causes inflammation in various parts of the body. …

Lupus (SLE) Pleurisy

Lupus can affect the lungs in many different ways, but lupus (SLE) pleurisy is the most common manifestation, according to the Lupus Foundation of America. It is estimated that 30-60% of lupus patients suffer from inflammation of the chest lining. In lupus (SLE) pleurisy an inflammatory response is initiated in a membrane called the pleura. This membrane covers the outside of the lung and the inside of the chest cavity.

The pleura is usually smooth, but once affected by pleurisy it becomes rough and rubs together, which produces a rough grating sound that can be heard easily with a stethoscope. According to the symptoms of lupus (SLE) pleurisy include:

  • A severe and/or sharp stabbing pain that can be pin pointed to a specific area, or areas of the chest.
  • The pain may be worsened when a deep breath is taken in or when coughing, sneezing, or laughing.


When lupus and pleurisy are found together your doctor will likely …

Lupus Skin Symptoms

About 2/3 of people with lupus develop some kind of skin disease. Some people only ever develop cutaneous forms of lupus. However, in many cases lupus skin symptoms are just the first sign of the systemic lupus erythematosis, which affects the whole body.

Cutaneous lupus erythematosus is lupus skin disease and can occur in one of three different forms:

Chronic cutaneous (discoid) lupus erythematosus – in this type of skin lupus round, disk-shaped lesions form on the skin. They usually appear on the scalp or the face but can form on other parts of the body. These skin lupus symptoms may leave scarring or skin discoloration when they heal, but they do not hurt or itch. These lesions can lead to the development of cancer.

Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus – the lesions in this type of lupus are said to be red and scaly with distinct edges. These lesions are ring shaped and often appear on sun-exposed areas such as …

Lupus (SLE) Attack

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. This lupus (SLE) attack typically leads to long-term, or chronic, inflammation. When a lupus (SLE) attack occurs, and symptoms arise, it is usually referred to as a “flare”. The more often flares occur, the more chance there is for the body to become damaged. So, people with lupus must take care of their bodies and be careful not to do anything that could bring about a lupus (SLE) attack.

Lupus is a systemic disease, which means that it could affect almost any part of the body. Anything that triggers your immune system can cause a lupus flare. According to, common lupus (SLE) attack triggers are as follows:

Ultraviolet light: Exposure to UV light typically causes a lupus rash to form, but may also trigger more severe systemic symptoms as well.

Stress: Lupus flares have a tendency to occur after a physical …

Lupus (SLE) Chest Pain

In lupus (SLE), chest pain can occur in a number of ways. The most direct way is when it causes the lining of the heart to become inflamed. This condition is called pericarditis, and it causes a sharp pain in the chest which worsens with deep breathing and when the body is in certain positions.

Lupus may also involve the heart valves and heart muscle. However, lupus (SLE) chest pain comes about most often from co-existing conditions or complications of the disease. The Lupus Foundation of America states that people with lupus are at an increased risk of developing coronary heart disease. This is because people with lupus typically carry cardiovascular risk factors such as chronic inflammation, high LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, and low HDL (good) cholesterol levels. Being overweight or physically inactive also contributes to these risk factors.

Often lupus (SLE) chest pain is caused by pleurisy. Pleurisy is characterized by inflammation affecting the pleura, which is a membrane …

Lupus & Fingers

There are a number of ways in which lupus can affect the fingers. Since lupus is a disease which can affect any part of the body, problems involving lupus fingers can range from anywhere from inflammation of the joints to nerve damage. The type of treatment a person receives is determined by the cause of the symptoms.

In lupus, fingers are most often affected by the joints becoming inflamed. According to, more than 90% of people with lupus will experience joint or muscle pain at some point in their illness and for many it is their first symptom. In lupus, fingers may also be affected by lupus arthritis. In lupus arthritis, joints will be stiff when you wake up in the morning but the stiffness will improve during the day.

Carpal tunnel may also affect fingers in lupus. In lupus, inflammation can cause pressure on the central nerve in the wrist, leading to carpal tunnel syndrome. This causes tingling, …

Lupus Swollen Joints

In lupus, swollen joints are a common problem. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s overactive immune system attacks the body’s healthy tissue, leading to inflammation. When this inflammation occurs, a thin lining around the joints grows and thickens, and this change causes the joints to swell and become painful. For many, joint pain is the first symptom of the disease.

The pain in lupus joints is sometimes referred to as lupus arthritis, but it is not the same as having arthritis.  According to, the difference is that lupus swollen joints are generally not affected permanently. Still, the pain and stiffness can be very hard to deal with. The pain and stiffness treatment is usually the same as in arthritis, however. Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen are sometimes used to lessen pain and reduce inflammation. If these do not help, a physician can usually prescribe pharmaceutical medication.

Along with swollen joints, people with lupus …

Lupus (SLE) Seizures

Can lupus cause seizures? Lupus (SLE) seizures are not a common occurrence, but they do happen. Usually when seizures and lupus are found together it is an indication of nervous system involvement in the disease. One way lupus causes seizures is when it affects the central nervous system (CNS). The (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord. When the blood vessels which nourish the brain become inflamed, the condition is called CNS vasculitis. This condition leads to a wide range of neurological symptoms, including seizures, headache, coordination problems, alterations in perception, and alterations in behavior.

CNS vasculitis is said to be present in 10% of all lupus patients. When lupus (SLE) seizures occur because of CNS vasculitis, it is the result of injured or scarred brain tissue becoming the focus of abnormal electrical discharges, according to In order to control these abnormal discharges, anti-convulsant medications may be used.

Some medications that are used to treat lupus have side …

Lupus Back Pain

There are a number of different ways that lupus can lead to back pain. Lupus is a disease which can affect nearly every part of the body. Lupus back pain is most likely caused by muscle pain brought about by inflammation. Muscle pain and muscle tenderness are said to occur in as many as 50% of the people who have lupus. If the lupus back pain is caused by inflammation, then the pain will usually subside when the inflammation and disease activity is brought under control.

About 30% of people with lupus are affected by fibromyalgia, and it is often the cause of people’s lupus back pain. Fibromyalgia is a disorder which is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, often accompanied by fatigue. Many of the symptoms of fibromyalgia are similar to those of lupus. People with fibromyalgia are often misdiagnosed with having lupus. However, they are two very different disorders and the treatment of each is very different.

Fibromyalgia is …

Lupus Bowel Problems

In lupus, bowel problems are not uncommon. In fact, bowel symptoms and digestive problems are among the most common complaints among lupus patients. In many cases the medications used to treat lupus are also what lead to lupus bowel problems. Digestive problems are side effects of both non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids.

Lupus is a disease which can cause inflammation throughout the body. Ulcerative colitis is one form of inflammatory bowel disease which affects the colon. Symptoms include bloody stools, diarrhea that does not get better with the use of over-the-counter medications, abdominal pain, and unexplained fever.

When the blood vessels of the body become inflamed, the condition is called vasculitis. This can lead to nerve, organ, and tissue damage. Blood clots may also result from this inflammation. According to the intestines can be affected in the following ways by lupus vasculitis:

  • Inadequate blood flow to the intestines can cause bloating and abdominal pain.
  • If areas in the

Lupus Complication Research

Since lupus is a systemic disease, there are a vast number of disease complications that can arise. Lupus complication treatment is therefore as, if not more, complex. However, new research yields hope for those experiencing complications in lupus.

In 2009 research from the University of Southern California (USC) yielded great results when healthy mesenchymal stem cells, found in bone marrow, were infused with malfunctioning immune cells in an experimental group of mice. In response to the laboratory results, Nanjing University Medical School used mesenchymal stem cells to treat 4 adult patients who were all suffering from kidney complications as a result of lupus activity.

An 18-month follow up with the patients showed no problems with organ function or adverse reaction to the transplanted cells. A 5-10 year follow-up must still be completed, but the treatment seems very promising. Even more promising is that the two Universities plan to keep a close partnership in investigating other diseases in the future.



Lupus Pictures & Symptoms

There are quite a few websites which contain lupus pictures and symptoms information. These can be very helpful if you fear that you may have lupus, but do not know what to look for. If you find that your rashes or symptoms are similar to the lupus pictures and symptoms listed, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible. The sooner lupus is discovered, the better chance you have of avoiding the complications of the disease. You can find lupus pictures and symptoms information at the following websites:



Diagnosing Lupus


Systemic lupus is one of the most complicated diseases to diagnose. It is often referred to as “The Great Imitator” because the symptoms often mirror those of other medical conditions, and therefore it is easy to misdiagnose. Furthermore, lupus is a multi-system disease, so there has to be symptoms in more than one part of the body and lab work must support that …

Lupus (SLE) Onset

The age at which a lupus (SLE) onset occurs has a lot to do with the course the disease will take. Anyone can get lupus, but 9 out of 10 people who get lupus are women between the ages of 15 to 45. Men are at a higher risk before puberty and after the age of 50, however, 2/3 of the people who have lupus before puberty and after the age of 50 are women, according to

The age of onset in lupus does have to do with the course of the disease. At one time an early onset of lupus was thought to be more severe in children than in adults. Now most physicians no longer agree. The problem is that an early lupus onset is not expected and therefore children are ill for a longer period of time before a diagnosis is made. This leaves these children vulnerable to internal organ involvement and other significant bodily damage, …

SLE Signs

Lupus (SLE) is a disease which is hard to diagnose. This is because SLE signs and symptoms can mimic those of other diseases. So, it really is important that people, on an individual basis, are able to spot SLE signs and symptoms for themselves. This is especially true for those who carry a risk. According to the New York Times the risk factors for SLE include:

Gender – Approximately 90% of lupus patients are women.

Ethnicity – African Americans are 3-4 times more likely to develop SLE than Caucasians. Asians and Hispanics also carry a high risk.

Family History – A sibling of a person with SLE is 20 times more likely to develop the disease than someone who does not have an immediate family member with the disease.

Other Autoimmune Disorders – Research has suggested that there is a relationship between SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, and hormones. Some research even suggests that people progress from one disease to the other …

Lupus Nephritis Symptoms

Lupus nephritis is a kidney disorder that is a complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Learning about lupus nephritis symptoms ahead of time can help you to avoid further kidney damage. According to the National Institutes of Health’s website,, lupus nephritis symptoms include:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Foamy appearance to urine
  • High blood pressure
  • Swelling in any area of the body


If you have any of the lupus nephritis symptoms listed above, you should visit your doctor as soon as possible. Your doctor will perform a physical exam to discover if there is decreased kidney function. The tests that could be performed include:

  • ANA titer
  • BUN and creatinine
  • Complement levels
  • Urinalysis
  • Urine protein


The goal of treatment will be to improve kidney functioning and delay kidney failure. Corticosteriods or medications to suppress the immune system may be prescribed. In some cases dialysis may be needed to control the lupus nephritis symptoms or a kidney transplant may be …

Lupus (SLE) and Fever

Lupus (SLE) and fever symptoms are often found together.  When you have lupus, it is normal to have a temperature that runs slightly higher than a normal 98.6 degree temperature because of the inflammation that occurs.  Even during a flare-up, however, a lupus fever will not normally run higher than 102 degrees, however.

It is still important to pay attention to a high temperature in lupus because it may be a sign of infection.  People with lupus are prone to infections because lupus is a disease of the immune system and because of the immunosuppressant drugs that they take.  For these reasons an infection is also harder and takes more time to treat than it would be in a healthier individual.  Lupus and fever symptoms can also be an indication that a flare up is about to occur. offers the following advice for taking care of yourself if you have lupus:

  • Take your temperature at least once a day

Lupus Pain Management

For those living with lupus, pain management is an essential part of treatment. This is because lupus, being a systemic disease, comes with a wide range of symptoms, including different types of pain.

Different conditions associated with lupus tend to be accompanied by pain. These include arthritis, a condition characterized by the inflammation of the joints. Not only does this inflammation occasion stiffness, but it also comes with pain and discomfort. Lupus patients with arthritis experience pain whenever they try to use the affected joints.

This pain can be immobilizing. As their arthritis worsens, a number of patients stop engaging in tasks that involve the use of the affected joints. If they had previously exercised regularly, they stop exercising. Those living with other inflammatory issues due to lupus are similarly affected. So are those with painful conditions such as neuralgia and fibromyalgia. Because intermittent or constant pain has a negative impact on health and quality of life, action must be …

Lupus Malaise

Among those with lupus, malaise is a common complaint. Malaise is a general sense of feeling unwell. Hence, it is not limited to lupus. People suffering from all sorts of illnesses initially describe themselves as feeling malaise. They may not know what exactly is wrong with them, but they do feel that something is not quite right. It is afterwards, when they have been examined by a medical professional, that the malaise can be attributed to a specific illness. When the illness in question is lupus, it makes sense to label the sense that they are unwell “lupus malaise.”

Malaise is often the first indication a patient has that he or she is ill. So patients who are attuned to such signals from their bodies give may be able to seek medical assistance in the earlier stages of the disease. Note that lupus malaise can persist for the length of the disease. Alternatively, it may come and go. Its nature …

Lupus Muscle Atrophy

Various problems in the musculoskeletal system are associated with lupus. Muscle atrophy is one of them.

Muscle atrophy or muscular atrophy refers to the wasting of one’s muscles. This is a condition that can occur for a number of reasons: In some cases, it is a neurogenic condition, associated with a nervous system condition like polio or a stroke. In other cases, muscular atrophy results from inadequate use of a muscle. This may happen if a patient finds himself or herself in a situation that precludes using that particular muscle. For instance, the patient’s leg may be immobilized in a splint. A third factor that may result in muscular atrophy is the extended use of corticosteroids.


Three Situations That Could Lead to Lupus Muscle Atrophy


Any of the above types of situations may apply to a patient suffering from lupus. Muscle atrophy is, therefore a condition that many lupus patients risk developing. It is worthwhile revisiting the above …

Lupus Myoclonus

Various neurological symptoms may be experienced by people living with lupus. Myoclonus is one of these symptoms.

Myoclonus is also referred to as myoclonic jerking or myoclonic twitching. It is a condition in which the individual experiences brief, involuntary muscle twitches. The twitching may be felt in one muscle or in a group of muscles.

People who have myoclonus may experience it in different contexts. One person may experience myoclonus because he suffers from lupus. Myoclonus may affect another person who is living with multiple sclerosis. These are not the only conditions linked to myoclonus. Those suffering from Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, epilepsy, and other forms central nervous system disease can also develop myoclonus.

Myoclonus may also develop as a result of physical injury in the brain or spinal cord, or in the aftermath of a condition like a stroke. Stress can also lead to this condition, as can liver failure or kidney failure. Some people develop myoclonus …

Lupus Thirst

If you have been diagnosed with lupus, thirst may be among the symptoms that you experience.  It is important to note that ‘thirst’ may, in this case, be used to refer to a variety of dissimilar conditions with distinct causes.


Forms of Lupus Thirst and Their Causes


For one, it is possible for lupus to coincide with neurogenic diabetes insipidus, a form of diabetes characterized by increased urination and heightened thirst. In this case, the patient should be treated for both the lupus and the diabetes.

It is also possible for lupus thirst (as the patient may perceive it) to result from a medical condition that coincides with lupus. Thirst of this form has to first be diagnosed in its proper context before it can be treated. Sjogren syndrome or Sicca syndrome is the name of the autoimmune disorder that affects the glands that secrete tears and saliva, and often coincides with lupus.

This syndrome has the effect …

Medical Lupus Symptoms

Medical lupus symptoms run the full gamut. They include systemic, neurological, pulmonary, reproductive, cardiac, and other symptoms.

The reason why medical lupus symptoms seem to have the capacity to affect every body system has to do with the nature of the disease. Lupus is an autoimmune disease which attacks connective tissue. Because the immune system’s reach extends to much of the human body, and because connective tissue is located in the body’s numerous systems, the disease can strike these different organ systems.


A Review of Some Medical Lupus Symptoms


Some of the more common medical lupus symptoms could be described as symptoms that are typically associated with inflammatory diseases.  They include fever, generalized body pain, myalgia, joint pain, and fatigue. The fatigue that comes with lupus is the result of many different factors. They include depression, anemia, hypothyroidism, pain, lack of sufficient exercise and activity, and the lupus disease process.

Dermatological symptoms are also typical of lupus. A …

Juvenile Lupus Symptoms

Lupus is frequently discussed as an adult disease. However, it does affect children and teenagers. So it is worthwhile talking about juvenile lupus symptoms to shed light on some of the struggles experienced by younger lupus patients.

It is said that most lupus patients are females of child-bearing age, i.e. those ranging in age between 15 years and 45 years of age. While this description makes it seem like all females above the age of 15 are adults, we tend to think of teenagers as children. So the implication of this statistic is that there is a significant number of female teenagers living with lupus. Note that there are also male teenagers living with lupus. Equally importantly, there are children and pre-teens living with lupus.


Juvenile Lupus Symptoms and Their Presentation


Do juvenile lupus symptoms vary significantly from the lupus symptoms experienced by adults? The truth of the matter is that lupus follows a distinct course in each …

Lupus Convulsion Symptoms

Lupus convulsion symptoms are known to occur in a number of patients. Convulsions are sometimes referred to as seizures. They generally involve the uncontrollable and rapid shaking of the patient’s body. Convulsions tend to result from disorganized electrical activity in the nervous tissue, more specifically in the brain.

Because convulsions point to nervous system involvement, it seems fair to describe lupus convulsion symptoms as indicative that a patient’s lupus has had a direct or indirect effect on his or her nervous activity. There are various ways in which this may have happened. In other cases, convulsions have nothing to do with the patient’s lupus. Rather, they are the result of some other condition: one that coincides with the lupus but is neither a cause nor effect of it.


Why do Lupus Convulsion Symptoms Happen?


Brain injury directly related to lupus may trigger lupus convulsion symptoms. Such injury may occur when the lupus patient’s antibodies attack the blood vessels …

Lupus Double Vision

Lupus is a complicated autoimmune disease that can present in many ways. Eye conditions, including lupus double vision, are among the manifestations of the disease.

It is worth pointing out that the eye conditions endured by lupus patients can result from a variety of causes. Lupus may itself be a direct cause of eye conditions, specifically when immune system activity results in damage to tissue that is in the eye or connected with the eye. The tissue in question may be nervous tissue or it may consist of blood vessels.

In some cases, it is not the autoimmunity per se that causes eye problems, but a complication that results from it. For instance, anemia, one of the consequences of lupus, may cause an eye condition.

Yet another cause of eye problems in lupus patients is the medication that they take. Anti-malarial drugs and steroids both have the capacity to cause damage to the eyes. Anti-malarial drugs are most problematic …

Lupus Outbreak

Lupus outbreak is the term that some use to describe lupus flare-ups. It is a colloquialism, and therefore, an informal description of the disease. When they use it in this way, they are talking about the exacerbation of lupus symptoms in an individual. They do not actually have in mind an epidemic or a pandemic, which is typically what the word outbreak is used to mean in medical contexts.


What Might a Boston Lupus Outbreak Teach Us About The Disease?


That said, there are cases when the term “lupus outbreak” is used to refer to an apparent epidemic of lupus in a given population. That is to say, it may be used to describe a situation such as the one observed in certain poor Boston neighborhoods in 2009. The neighborhoods in question were noted to produce an unusually large number of lupus patients. The proportion of residents who developed lupus was higher than the regional and …

Lupus Blindness

Lupus blindness is not a common symptom among lupus patients, but when there is a risk that it will develop, it is cause for concern. This is because loss of vision is a tremendous loss. It changes one’s life in very fundamental ways.

When it occurs, lupus blindness is the result of vision problems associated with lupus. These problems can result directly from lupus, from the complications of lupus, or from the medication used to treat lupus.

Some of the eye problems that may develop in lupus patients include blocked tear ducts, inflammation of the eye, cataracts, general vision changes, optic neuritis, and glaucoma.


How Lupus Blindness and Other Vision Problems Develop


When lupus patients develop Sjogren’s syndrome, their tear glands are affected. They get dry eye. Itchiness, discomfort, and reflex watering are among the symptoms of this condition. Treatment with tear substitutes and procedures to minimize the loss of moisture from the eyes are the typical interventions. …

Lupus Memory Problems

If one is suffering from lupus, memory problems are likely to be among his or her general symptoms. Lupus patients may experience cognitive impairment, characterized by general forgetfulness, and difficulty staying on top of complicated tasks.


Dealing with Lupus Memory Problems


This cognitive impairment may be directly or indirectly connected with lupus. On occasion, it may actually result from another medical condition which happens to coincide with lupus. As a consequence, those who think they are experiencing lupus memory problems should seek medical advice. This will allow their doctors to rule out such conditions as stroke, anemia, and other conditions which can result in neurological symptoms.

Lupus memory problems may be said to be an indirect result of lupus when they result, not from the progression of the disease, but from the medication taken to treat it. Lupus medication is not unlike other forms of medication: when taken in significant doses or over long periods of time, it …

Lupus Nose Rash

One of the more prominent signs of lupus is the lupus nose rash, a rash that extends over the nose and cheeks of lupus patients. The lupus nose rash goes by other names, including the butterfly rash, because of its distinct butterfly-like shape, and the malar rash, because it covers the cheeks. The word “malar” is etymologically derived from the Latin word “mala,” which means cheekbone.

The malar rash is often associated with lupus. There are, however, occasions on which its presence could be attributed to other health issues, including pellagra, Bloom Syndrome, and dermatomyositis.


Addressing the Lupus Nose Rash


When the malar rash is associated with lupus, it can be an indication that the patient has a form of lupus called discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE). DLE is distinct from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the condition that most people have in mind when they talk about lupus.

DLE tends to be milder than SLE. This is because …

Lupus Pronunciation

One of the diseases that is frequently discussed in the media is lupus. Pronunciation of this word is not difficult. It may be rendered phonetically as “looh-puhs.”

Lupus may sound like an unusual name to some. This is because it has its origins in Latin. The Latin word for “wolf” is “lupus.” Pronunciation of this word may, however, be second nature to those who recognize it from another context: star-gazing. “Lupus” happens to be the name for a constellation in the Southern sky.


“Lupus” Pronunciation and Etymology


“Lupus” is actually short for “lupus erythematosus,” which is the umbrella term for four different autoimmune conditions. They include systemic lupus erythematosus, discoid lupus erythematosus, drug-induced lupus erythematosus, and neonatal lupus erythematosus. These conditions are all related to each other, but they manifest in different ways or may be triggered in distinct circumstances. A given lupus patient may have one of them or more than one of them, depending on his …

Lupus Rush Diagnoses

For those who think they may be suffering from lupus, rush diagnoses are not ideal. It is better to have the full complement of diagnostic tests available for lupus, and to have a qualified doctor interpret the test results. Avoiding lupus rush diagnoses could save the patient’s life.

Lupus is an autoimmune, inflammatory disease. This means that it often resembles other autoimmune, inflammatory diseases. A lot of the time, patients with autoimmune disease experience a cluster of symptoms that is specific to one disease. This is what makes the diagnosis of lupus or other autoimmune diseases quick in such patients.

Other patients may manifest the less unique symptoms of their given autoimmune diseases. For instance, they may be suffering from lupus, but also have symptoms that resemble those of multiple sclerosis or of rheumatoid arthritis. They could even be suffering from an overlap syndrome such as mixed connective tissue disease or scleromyositis.

Because other autoimmune inflammatory diseases may resemble lupus, …

Lupus Swollen Joints

For those suffering from lupus, swollen joints may be indicative of lupus arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bursitis, tendonitis, myositis or infection. Of particular interest are lupus arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. This is because arthritis is an inflammatory condition that is widely known and that many people are quick to associate with old age.

Arthritis essentially refers to joint inflammation and associated pain. It may result in stiffness in the affected joint, and in warmth and redness in the area of inflammation.


Rheumatoid Arthritis and Lupus Arthritis as Causes of Lupus Swollen Joints


Rheumatoid arthritis is a full-blown autoimmune disease, whose symptoms include joint pain and swelling. The joint pain tends to be experienced symmetrically. That is to say, for every joint affected, the corresponding joint on the other side of the body is also affected.

When lupus patients develop rheumatoid arthritis it is because the two diseases coincide, not because the lupus is the direct cause of the rheumatoid …

Lupus Trait

Lupus trait could be described as a medical condition that shares some of the characteristics of full-blown lupus, but is more subtle in its presentation. Lupus is an autoimmune disease, characterized by the immune system’s attacks on some of the body’s own tissues. The attacks are not random. Certain types of tissue are targeted, and it goes without saying that specific types of antibodies have to be produced to target those tissues. That is why specific types of antibodies are readily identifiable in the blood of those who are suffering from lupus.

Because lupus trait is like a mild form of lupus, it is not surprising that it is characterized by the presence of lupus-related antibodies in the patient’s blood. More specifically, these antibodies include antibodies against some kinds of genetic material, lymphocytes, and chemicals typically found in the nuclei of cells.

Lupus trait has been observed in women who have experienced unexplained miscarriages repeatedly. In one medical study, more …

Lupus and Cognitive Dysfunction

Lupus and cognitive dysfunction are associated in many lupus patients. But that should not be taken to imply that cognitive dysfunction is unique to lupus. In fact, cognitive dysfunction is a condition that probably everybody will experience in their lifetime.

Cognitive dysfunction refers, quite simply, to disruption in the cognitive processes. Any time an individual’s normal thought process is impaired by one factor or another, he or she may be said to be suffering from cognitive dysfunction. Lupus patients experiencing this condition tend to experience it because of the disease activity, anemia, anxiety, the effects of their lupus medications, or because they may have developed neurological symptoms.

In the average, healthy person, cognitive dysfunction may be caused by such factors as dietary changes, exhaustion, depression, stress. These factors may make it difficult for one to concentrate on his or her job or to complete tasks that would otherwise be simple.


Lupus, Cognitive Dysfunction, and their Repercussions


When lupus …

Lupus and Low Platelet Count

Lupus and low platelet count coincide in a significant number of patients. This low-platelet-count condition is also referred to as thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia can be caused by a number of factors. Chief among them is the action of antibodies on the platelets. Another possible cause of thrombocytopenia is medication. However, this occurs with much less frequency than antibody-mediated thrombocytopenia.

Platelets are small cell fragments that circulate in the blood. Their primary role is to stop bleeding when it occurs by facilitating the clotting process. Once clotting occurs, repair of the damaged blood vessel can begin. When people living with lupus and low platelet count suffer blood vessel damage they bleed. Unfortunately, their blood does not clot in good time. Hence, they tend to experience a greater amount of bleeding than is normal. Lupus patients with thrombocytopenia experience regular bruising. They may also have petechiae (small red or purple bleeding points) on their lower legs. These are indicative of broken capillaries. Nosebleeds …

Lupus: Extreme Fatigue

Of the symptoms of lupus, extreme fatigue is common. It is estimated that about 80% of lupus patients complain of this symptom. Various factors contribute towards the development of this symptom of lupus. Extreme fatigue can therefore be a mysterious symptom in some patients while its causes can be evident in other patients.


A More In-depth Look at Lupus: Extreme Fatigue and its Causes


One of the causes of fatigue is disease progression: As the lupus progresses, affecting more organs, it triggers this debilitating symptom of lupus: extreme fatigue. Another cause of debilitating fatigue in lupus patients is the medication they take to treat the condition. Lupus medications take their toll on the body, as do many medications used to treat chronic illness. Because they are used over months or years, they may have long-term implications for one or more bodily systems, and extreme exhaustion might be a consequence.

Other factors may be implicated in the development of …

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