Cerebral Lupus, or Cerebral SLE, is a form of lupus that in which the brain tissue becomes inflamed.  This type of lupus is not very common, although 24-50% of all lupus patients in the United States suffer some type of nervous system involvement at one point of time or another.  This type of lupus can, however, be very serious.  For example, if brain swelling should occur, it could be fatal.   Cerebral SLE patients often suffer strokes and seizures as well.




Cerebral lupus symptoms are not always easily recognized.  One symptom to take note of is bruising if you begin bruising easily.  To bruise easily is often a sign of a low platelet count, and therefore can sometimes be an indication of some kind of immunity problem.

Fatigue is another symptom of cerebral lupus; however, it is also very common in all types of lupus.  This should be treated seriously though, because it could be a sign of anemia or illness-related infection and immediate medical attention may be needed.  Headaches are another symptom that is very common in lupus patients, but can also be a sign of cerebral lupus.  Furthermore, weight loss is a symptom of both types of lupus as well.

Seizures are one symptom that could be a telling indicator of cerebral lupus.  If a person with lupus suffers a seizure, they should speak to their doctor because it could indicate a development of cerebral lupus.  Do not stress on that fact, because it can also be a side effect of some lupus medications.

Memory loss is another strong indicator of cerebral sle.  It is a very common problem among people with cerebral lupus.  If you have lupus, this can also just be a side effect of you medications.


Treatment and Diagnosis


A cerebral lupus prognosis is very difficult to make.  As was explained above, many of the symptoms of cerebral lupus are also common in other types of lupus.  Another problem is that if a lupus patient has an infection that causes brain swelling it could be due to low immunity anywhere in the body caused by the disease or by treatments.

The advances made in imaging have made it easier to diagnose.  A cerebral MRI might be needed for the diagnosis of this disease.  There have been great strides in laboratory work as well.  Still, knowledge of how to treat the nervous system is limited and it is often controversial as to the best approach to cerebral lupus treatment.