There are four main types of lupus, but these types of lupus can also have different variants. One variant of lupus that falls under the category of cutaneous lupus erythematosus is lupus profundus. This type of lupus is also known as lupus erythematosus profundus, lupus panniculitis, or subcutaneous lupus erythematosus. It is not as common as other types of lupus, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, and it can develop at any age.
Lupus profundus affects the layer of fat that lies directly underneath the skin. Diagnosis this type of lupus is not as difficult as with other types since it is usually visible. The symptoms typically occur on the face. The symptoms are usually nodules that occur from inflammation. These are typically large in size and they are noticeable and can be felt as hard lumps under the skin. As the disease progresses, these nodules will turn into dents as the fat cells underneath the skin are completely destroyed. This process can take several months to occur. These dented scars can cause facial disfigurement and ulcers on the face or scalp, so it is important for people with this type of lupus to be monitored by their doctor regularly in case any problems arise.
Treatment Options for Lupus Profundus
Lupus is a serious condition and it should be treatment by a medical professional. Since lupus profundus affects the skin and the fat layer directly underneath the skin, patients may benefit from seeing a specialist such as a dermatologist. They may be able to help with the symptoms and the scarring that occurs after the fat tissue is destroyed by the chronic disease.
Lupus profundus treatment is usually traditional in nature, and it will include prescription medications. These medications can only be recommended by a medical professional. Many of the drugs that are used to help patients with this type of lupus are anti inflammatory medications. These medications can help the swelling of the nodules go down, causing them to be less noticeable and possibly less painful or irritating to the touch. It can also help to reduce the size of the nodule, which can reduce the size of the dented scar once the fat tissue under the skin is eventually destroyed. This can help a patient to avoid disfigurement or other skin problems in the long run.